The overall deployment of carbon-up peaks in 2030 – the person in charge of the National Development and Reform Commission for the "2030 Pre-Carbon Peak Action Plan"
Xinhua News Agency, Beijing October 26th: The overall deployment of 2030 carbon peaks – on the "2030 Pre-Carbon Peak Action Plan" Interview with the Head of the National Development and Reform Commission, Xinhua News Agency, Xie Xiyao, recently, the State Council issued "2030 Pre-Carbon Deluma Action Plan". What is the main goal of 2030 carbon peaks? What are the "Top Ten Actions of Carbon Pak"? The head of the National Development and Reform Commission received an exclusive interview with Xinhua News Agency on the 26th. Will complete the global decline in carbon emissions intensity: What is the background of the project? A: Carbon dioxide peak, refers to the highest historical high value, and the process of continuous declines after the platform is experienced, and it is a historical abstration point of carbon dioxide emissions from increasing degradation.
Implementing Carbon Peak means that economic and social development in a country or region is "decoupled" in realization of carbon dioxide emissions, ie the economic growth is no longer at the expense of increased carbon emissions. Therefore, carbon-up peaks are considered to be a landmark event during a green low carbon transformation process.
In order to implement the Party Central Committee, the State Council decision-making deployment, the "Central Committee of the CPC Central Committee on the Complete and Comparison and Comprehensive Implementation of New Development Concepts" requires that the National Development and Reform Commission has developed a plan with relevant departments, The Party Central Committee was reviewed and issued by the State Council. Q: What is the main goal of the program? A: The program focuses on "14th Five-Year Plan" and "15th Five-Year Plan" two carbon Damu peaks, and proposes the main objectives of improving non-fossil energy consumption, improving energy utilization efficiency, reducing carbon dioxide emissions levels. For example, by 2025, the proportion of non-fossil energy consumption reached 20%, and the energy consumption of GDP in the unit decreased by 2020. The company’s domestic product was 18% more than 2020, which laid a solid carbon peak. Base. By 2030, the proportion of non-fossil energy consumption reached approximately 25%, and the company’s domestic product carbon dioxide emissions fell more than 65% higher than 2005, and successfully realized the carbon peak goal in 2030.
It should be pointed out that the main developed economies have realized carbon-up peaks, English, law, morality and the European Union to achieve carbon peaks, beauty, and day in 2007, in 2013, 2013. Carbon peak, 2013 And all as the evolution of the development and high carbon industry transfer to achieve "natural peaks".
As a manufacturing big country, Chinese people have no carbon emissions in the United States, and the per capita historical emissions are only one-third of the United States.
As a largest developing country, my country’s industrialization, urbanization is still in depth, developing economic and improving people’s livelihood tasks is also heavy, and energy consumption will remain rigid. China’s carbon peak, carbon neutralization goals, fully compliant with the "Paris Agreement" target requirements, reflecting the biggest ambition.
China’s carbon peak action will complete the largest decline in carbon emissions, and pay for hard efforts. Focus on the implementation of "Carbon Peak Ten Action" Q: What key tasks are proposed? A: The program proposes that carbon-up peaks penetrates through the whole process of economic and social development, focusing on "Carbon Peak Ten Action". First, energy green low carbon transformation action.
Promote coal consumption alternative and transformation and upgrading, vigorously develop new energy, develop hydropower, actively and safely regulate nuclear power, and reasonably regulate oil and gas consumption, and speed up the construction of new power systems.
Second, energy saving and low-carbon efficiency action.
Comprehensively improve energy-saving management capabilities, implement energy-saving and carbon key projects, and promote the energy saving of key use energy equipment, strengthen new infrastructure energy-saving and carbon.
The third is carbon peaks in the industrial sector.
Promote green low-carbon development in the industrial sector, realize carbon-up peaks such as steel, non-ferrous metals, building materials, petrochemical chemicals, and resolutely curb high-profile high emission projects blindly develop. The fourth is urban and rural construction carbon Damu action.
Promote urban and rural construction green low-carbon transformation, accelerate the improvement of building energy efficiency, and speed up the construction of buildings, and promote rural construction and use low carbon transformation.
The fifth is the transportation of green and low carbon actions. Promote the transportation tool to equip the low carbon transformation, build a green high-efficiency transportation system, speed up the construction of green transportation infrastructure.
Sixth is the circular economy to help carcote action. Promote the recycling development of the industrial park, strengthen the comprehensive utilization of large solid waste, improve the resource cycle and use system, and vigorously promote domestic waste reduction resource.
Seven is green low-carbon technology innovation actions.
Improve the innovative system mechanism, strengthen innovation capacity building and talent training, strengthen application basic research, and accelerate advanced applicable technology research and development and promotion. Eight is the carbon discharge ability to consolidate improvement actions.
Consolidate the carbon operation of the ecosystem, enhance the carbon discharge capacity of ecosystem, and strengthen the basic support of ecosystem, and promote the reduction of row of row in agricultural countryside. Nine is green low-carbon actions.
Strengthen ecological civilization publicity and education, promote green low-carbon lifestyle, guide enterprises to fulfill social responsibilities, strengthen leading cadres training.
Ten is the ladder and orderly carbon peaks in each region. Scientific and reasonable determination of the goal of order Damong, the local system should be promoted into the green low-carbon development, and the local Damn reached the local Damong program will be organized. Q: What are the program proposed to carry out carbon-peak international cooperation? What are the initiatives in policy guarantees? A: International cooperation, deeply involved in global climate governance, carry out green economic and trade, technology and financial cooperation, and promote green "all the way" construction. In terms of policy guarantee, establish a carbon emission statistics system of unified standards; improve the laws and regulations standards, and construct a legal system conducive to green low-carbon development; improve economic policy, and build a tax policy system conducive to green low-carbon development, improve the green electricity price policy Establish and improve the green financial standard system, establish carbon reduction support tools, and study the national low-carbon transition fund; establish and improve the market mechanism, further improve the national carbon emissions trading market supporting system, build the national energy rights trading market.
Constructing carbon Dharma carbon and "1 + N" policy system Q: What is the positioning in the "1 + N" policy system? A: The opinion is the system planning and overall deployment of carbon-up carbon in carbon-ups and carbon, covering carbon peaks, carbon neutrics, and is the long-term top design of the tube. The views play a leading role in carbon-up carbon and policy systems and is "1" in "1 + n". The plan is the overall deployment of the carbon-up stage, while maintaining organic connection while maintaining organic connection, more focusing on carbon peak goals, relevant indicators and tasks more refined, solidified, and specific.
The program is "N", the relevant departments and units will formulate the development of energy, industrial, urban-rural construction, transportation, agricultural rural areas, and the specific industries, and the specific industries will also follow the plan. It is required to develop carbon peak action programs in the region.
In addition, "N" also includes scientific and technological support, carbon discharge capacity, statistical accounting, inspecting and other support measures and financial, financial, prices and other safeguards.
This series of documents will construct a target clear, reasonable division of labor, powerful, and orderly, orderly carbon peak carbon, and "1 + N" policy system. Q: How do I do a good job in the implementation of the program? A: Strengthening the centralized unified leadership of carbon-up carbon in carbon-up, carbon-based, carbon, carbon neutrics, and system promotion, leading group office strengthens coordination, regular schedule, scientific proposal The timetable, roadmap, and supervisors of the peak subtle steps, and the implementation of the target tasks. Strengthen the implementation of responsibility and strictly supervise the assessment.